Wheat is known as one of the most popular foodstuffs among the world community, including Indonesia. In Indonesia, the need for wheat is relatively large and increases from year to year and is entirely met through imports of wheat.
Wheat flour, known as wheat flour, has become an alternative food source for the Indonesian population. The benefits of wheat as a food ingredient are very diverse, especially in food diversification such as bread snacks, noodles, biscuits, puddings, ice cream and cakes.
In 100 grams of whole wheat there are about 340 calories and also some of the following important nutrients:
- 72 grams of carbohydrates.
- 13 grams of protein.
- 10.7 grams of fiber.
- 2.5 grams of fat.
- 0.4 grams of sugar.
In addition, whole grains are a great source of vitamins and minerals, such as B vitamins, selenium, manganese, phosphorus, and copper. Whole grains also contain antioxidants and active compounds, such as phytic acid, polyphenols, stanols, and plant sterols.
Thanks to these ingredients, consuming whole grains on a regular basis can provide several good health benefits.
Benefits of Wheat for Health
Wheat is a food that contains high carbohydrates that can provide energy for people who consume it. In addition to carbohydrates, wheat also contains various vitamins, minerals and plant compounds that are also very beneficial for human health. The following are some of the benefits of wheat for our health.
1. Increase Body Metabolism
When the body’s metabolism is not functioning at an optimal level, our body will experience metabolic syndrome which can lead to high triglycerides, visceral obesity (leading to a pear-shaped body), high blood pressure and low levels of HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). This metabolic syndrome will increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
Therefore, most doctors and health experts recommend consuming whole grains as an important part of our daily diet. These grains can improve the overall digestive system which in turn can lead to a better increase in the body’s metabolism so that it can prevent various health problems in the first place.
2. Prevent Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that is very dangerous if not controlled properly. Wheat, which is high in magnesium, is a cofactor of 300 types of enzymes that can directly affect the body’s use of insulin and the release of glucose. So, consuming wheat on a regular basis can help control the sugar in our body’s blood. By simply replacing rice with whole grains in their daily diet, diabetics can easily control their sugar levels to a decent level.
3. Control Obesity (Overweight)
Although wheat is well known for its benefits that can control body weight, these benefits are much more effective in women compared to men. Regular consumption of whole grain products can help obese patients lose weight.
4. Reduces Chronic Inflammation
Chronic inflammation basically refers to inflammation that has been going on for several months. It can be caused due to many reasons such as a reaction to a noxious stimulus or a problem in the immune system. While it may not sound like a very serious problem, if left untreated, it can lead to several types of cancer, and even rheumatoid arthritis.
However, this chronic inflammation can be controlled by regular consumption of wheat. Oats contain betaine which not only reduces inflammation but also helps with other ailments such as Alzheimer’s disease, cognitive decline, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and osteoporosis.
5. Prevents Heart Attack
Wheat contains dietary fiber which has been shown to reduce blood pressure, thereby reducing the risk of heart attack. Of course, a healthy diet needs to be accompanied by appropriate exercise to be more effective in preventing diseases that harm it.
6. Prevents Breast Cancer in Women
Rice bran is an anti-cancer agent in women that can counteract the carcinogenic effects and prevent some types of cancer. Breast cancer is caused by estrogen levels rising and reaching excessive levels. Rice bran optimizes estrogen levels so that it remains under control at all times, so it can prevent breast cancer.
It is especially effective in premenopausal women, who are generally more at risk of developing this type of cancer. Moreover, wheat also contains lignin that occupies hormone receptors in the body, which also helps maintain high circulating levels of estrogen thereby helping prevent breast cancer.
Benefits of Wheat for Skin
In addition to storing good properties for the health of the body, wheat also saves a myriad of benefits for facial skin beauty. Here are the benefits of wheat for the face that you must know.
1. Brighten Skin
The dream of having bright and healthy skin can be realized by applying wheat. Wheat contains vitamins and minerals that are able to treat the face so that it makes your face bright. Make a wheat mask by mixing wheat, honey and water. Then, stir until it becomes a paste. Apply evenly on the face and leave it on for 30 minutes. When cleaned, scrub your face gently using the remnants of the mask. Do it regularly and see the difference on your face.
2. As a Facial Cleanser
The next benefit that you can feel from wheat is that you can use it as a facial cleanser. You can clean the skin of any dirt because wheat has chemical compounds called saponins. This ingredient has good and intense cleansing properties. The trick, simply by mixing oatmeal with warm water and honey until it becomes a paste. After that apply gently on the face in circular motions to clean your facial skin.
3. Removes Dead Skin Cells
Wheat can be used as an exfoliator for your face without side effects. But, apply gently so that the skin does not irritate. How to make it is easy, just mix oatmeal, coconut oil, brown sugar, and warm water into a face mask. The skin will become brighter because the dead skin cells are exfoliated without making facial skin red, feeling healthy and glowing.
4. Overcoming Acne
If you have a problem with stubborn acne, you can use oatmeal to get rid of it because its content is able to absorb excess oil, remove bacteria on the face and help exfoliate dead skin cells. Try mixing wheat with warm water as a face mask. Then, let stand for 15 minutes and rinse thoroughly. Don’t forget to gently clean the skin.
5. Absorbs Excess Oil Production
Having an oily face often interferes with appearance, especially when using make-up. To deal with excess oil, you can use natural ingredients such as wheat because it can absorb and remove excess oil and dirt on the facial skin. Puree the wheat and mix it with water and then apply it on the part of the face that is always oily. You can also use this wheat mask on hair that feels oily and limp.
Side Effects of Excessive Wheat Consumption
Besides its benefits, wheat also has side effects when consumed in excess and for people who are prone to allergic reactions. People who are prone to this allergic reaction are warned to avoid wheat as it can make allergic reactions worse.
Wheat also contains high oxalate (oxalates) so that excessive consumption can cause health problems such as kidney stones, gallstones and gout. For additional information, Oxalic acid is an organic acid found in plants, animals and humans.