Do you usually eat tuna? Sometimes your friends often buy tuna in the market, but don’t know the types of tuna. Even so, tuna is still much sought after by housewives to be processed into delicious and appetizing cuisine creations.
Tuna has a high nutritional value. Therefore, the price of tuna in the market can reach Rp. 120,000 per kilogram. Expensive, right? Because the price of tuna is expensive, you need to recognize the type of tuna that is often consumed.
Get to know the types of tuna that are delicious and often sold in the market
Actually, there are 48 species of tuna in the world, but only a few species can be consumed by humans. There are about 5 types of tuna that are commonly found in Indonesia and sometimes they are often consumed unconsciously in everyday life as a side dish.
1. Albacore Tuna
The first type of tuna that is in great demand is albacore tuna. Albacore tuna flesh is white and can produce a mild taste. Albakora tuna can be processed into a salad filling, steak, or maybe a sandwich filling for breakfast every morning.
But unfortunately, Albakora tuna has a fairly high mercury content. For those of you who are pregnant or have small children, it is necessary to limit the consumption of this type of tuna.
2. Bullet Tuna
Get to know the types of small tuna fish such as bullet tuna. This fish has the Latin name auxis rochei which is found in the tropical oceans of Indonesia. Many people are interested in processing bullet tuna by salting, smoking and packaging canned fish.
3. Tuna Skipjack
Judging from its name, this tuna fish does sound foreign. Many people call skipjack tuna by the name katsuwonus pelamis. Skipjack tuna is known to have a strong taste with a very high fat content.
When compared to other types of tuna, skipjack tuna has a fairly affordable price. Plus, skipjack tuna also has a low nutritional content so it is better to consume it 2 to 3 times a week.
4. Yellowfin Tuna
Yellowfin tuna has another name for yellowfin tuna or gangtarangang. Indonesia itself has a fairly high yield of yellowfin tuna. There are several other yellowfin tuna producing countries, namely Italy, Spain, Colombia, Thailand, the Philippines, and Mexico.
Yellowfin tuna has a length of about 2 meters and weighs up to 190 kilograms. Despite its large size, the price of yellowfin tuna is quite cheap, you know. Many restaurants use yellowfin tuna as the main ingredient for making sashimi.
5. Bluefin Tuna
After getting to know the types of tuna mentioned earlier, there is a type of bluefin tuna that has the most expensive price. Interestingly, bluefin tuna is often exported to Japan. Why are so many countries interested in this type of bluefin tuna, huh?
Bluefin tuna turns out to have a very long size reaching 4.6 meters and weighing about 684 kilograms. In addition, the flesh of mature bluefin tuna usually has a dark red color close to purplish with a thick and soft texture.
6. Slender Tuna
One of the thinner tuna species, is the Slender Tuna – hence the name. With their long, thin bodies they also feature dual colors that make them unique. One side of a Slender tuna is blue-black while the other side is a lighter grey color.
Since they only weigh about 25lb, they’re not very big. They’re generally not commercially fished, but if they happen to find their way into fishing nets, their oily meat makes them a good addition to canned tuna options.
7. Mackerel Tuna
It’s important to note that Mackerel Tuna is not the same thing as regular Mackerel. In fact, they’re two different species entirely! It’s easy to identify a Mackerel tuna by the pattern of broken diagonal lines on its upper sides.
They also have between two and five dark spots above the pelvic fin. Since Mackerel tuna isn’t very big and contains very little meat, they’re primarily used as bait for catching larger fish.
8. Bigeye Tuna
Making up the other half of an ahi dish, Bigeye tuna is often confused with its cousin the Yellowfin. An easy way to distinguish this tuna from other species is as the name suggests, with its big eyes.
Since they’re quite stout, they boast firmer meat that’s brimming with flavor. Due to their global popularity, this species has been flagged as “vulnerable” and catching methods are closely monitored by environmental groups.
9. Black Skipjack Tuna
A close cousin of the traditional Skipjack tuna, the Black Skipjack tuna is a much bonier fish. Unlike other fish species that feature soft cartilage as skeletons, the Black Skipjack’s skeleton is made of actual bone.
Since there’s very little meat on this type of tuna, it’s not commonly a fish most people consume. If you happen to catch it by chance, you can eat the meat, but many fishermen don’t feel the slim pickings are worth the effort.
10. Frigate Tuna
As one of the smallest tuna species, Frigate tuna usually only grows to about 25” in length and weighs an average of 4lb. Since they’re a very migratory species, they’re always on the move which makes it easy to find them in most of the oceans around the world.
Frigate tuna meat is red in color and their oily flavor might not be to everyone’s liking. Their unusual taste is the main reason they’re not fished commercially. When they are sold fresh, they’re often preserved in oil and dried.
Since they’re usually sold in slices, they can be confused for Tunny Tuna. Also, because there’s a difference in taste, it’s important to ensure that the tuna you’re asking for at the fish market, is what you’re getting.
Knowing the types of tuna is certainly important because it is often used as a food ingredient. As for other types of tuna, it is not necessarily safe for consumption. Therefore, your friend needs to know the various characteristics and also the nutritional content.